When a person is infertile is mean he or she unable to conceive a child. This reproductive problem can occur in both women and men, and the diagnosis is given to couples who have attempted to become pregnant for 12 months with no success. Several various factors can affect infertility such as:
For men, sperm disorders are the typical cause of infertility. For women, an ovulation disorder is usually to blame. Problems such as endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), uterine fibroids, and egg generation can also cause female infertility.
The patient should be prepared to have a frank discussion about her health, lifestyle and attempts to get pregnant. The doctor will want to collect information like key medical details for both would-be parents. A list of any medications, vitamins, supplements or herbs being taken will need to be provided. If a woman under the age of 35 has not conceived within a year of having regular, unprotected sex, she and her partner should seek advice. Women over 35 should only try for six months before seeking advice. The doctor may order further tests if the consultation and exam indicate an issue.
In vitro fertilization, or more commonly known as IVF, is a procedure used to help infertile women and couples conceive a child. The procedure is complex and takes place outside of the womb and is typically used when other fertility treatments have not been successful. IVF is a multi-step process. In the first step, the intended mother takes injections to stimulate the ovary into maturing multiple eggs at the same time. Then the eggs are retrieved and placed with sperm in a dish, or in some cases, a single sperm is injected into the egg to achieve fertilization. Once the embryos are formed, they are placed inside the woman’s uterus via a catheter. If there are additional embryos, they are frozen for future use if the treatment is not successful.
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