Laparoscopic surgery is a progressive, minimally invasive technique, which is conducted using specially designed narrow instruments, inserted through small incisions in the body. A laparoscope, which is a device with a camera mounted on the end of a thin tube, is inserted into the body and sends a video feed to a screen allowing the surgeon to see inside of the body to perform the procedure. Incisions are made around the navel and because they are very tiny the patient heals much quicker and with reduced internal and external scarring. Laparoscopy is conducted under general anesthesia.
Normally, laparoscopy is employed to address endometriosis, fibroids, ovarian cysts, and the removal of cancerous masses found in the cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus. Laparoscopy is used when the ovarian cysts to be removed are noncancerous. It can also be used to treat larger fibroids. Here the surgeon can either electrocute or freeze the fibroid in order to destroy the cells. Endometriosis is the most common condition laparoscopy is used to treat. During the operation, the surgeon will look for abnormal lesions of endometrial tissue, or endometriomas, and adhesions. Internal scarring will also be assessed. Customarily, the operation is an outpatient procedure however overnight stays can sometimes be required. This will depend on the complexity and duration of the operation. Some discomfort following the procedure is typical, but can usually be controlled with pain medications. If the discomfort continues or is especially severe, contact the office right away.
Commonly, laparoscopy is used to treat a variety of conditions because there is minimal downtime needed and post-surgical pain is usually reduced greatly. The recovery time is also much shorter. Other benefits include:
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